How to Easily Parse XML
XML is used a lot on the internet and in business .Â For instance, it is used by Blogs in a format called Real Simple Syndication, or RSS , to allow people to read a blog without actually visiting the blog’s website.Â XML is also used to store reference information in web services and configuration files on many open and closed source products such as Instant Messager servers , web servers , and Oracle’s SQL Developer .
Since XML has become so popular in recent years, there are tools for most languages that make XML pretty easy to parse and handle.
Here are 2 tools you can use to parse XML:
1)Â MagpieRSS for PHP
MagpieRSS is a great way to parse almost any format of XML clearly and concisely.Â Simply include the file "rss_fetch.inc" and then access the entire XML feed as an array.
From their example page:
<item rdf:about="http://protest.net/NorthEast/calendrome.cgi?span=event&ID=210257"> <title>Weekly Peace Vigil</title> <link>http://protest.net/NorthEast/calendrome.cgi?span=event&ID=210257</link> <description>Wear a white ribbon</description> <dc:subject>Peace</dc:subject> <ev:startdate>2002-06-01T11:00:00</ev:startdate> <ev:location>Northampton, MA</ev:location> <ev:enddate>2002-06-01T12:00:00</ev:enddate> <ev:type>Protest</ev:type> </item> Get's parsed to: array( title => 'Weekly Peace Vigil', link => 'http://protest.net/NorthEast/calendrome.cgi?span=event&ID=210257', description => 'Wear a white ribbon', dc => array ( subject => 'Peace' ), ev => array ( startdate => '2002-06-01T11:00:00', enddate => '2002-06-01T12:00:00', type => 'Protest', location => 'Northampton, MA' ) ); 2) RSSutils Jar and Tag Library for Java First, download and unpack RSSutils from here . Next copy
rsstaglib.tld into your
/WEB-INF/lib directory. Then add the following to web.xml :<taglib> <taglib-uri>/WEB-INF/lib/rssutils.tld</taglib-uri> <taglib-location>/WEB-INF/lib/rssutils.tld</taglib-location> </taglib> Now you can reference the tag library in your JSP page similar to the following example: <%@ taglib uri="/WEB-INF/lib/rssutils.tld" prefix="rss" %> <rss:feed url="http://url/to/xml.xml" feedId="xmlFeed"/> <b>Image: </b><rss:channelImage feedId="xmlFeed"/><br> <b>Title: </b><rss:channelTitle feedId="xmlFeed"/><br> <b>Link: </b><rss:channelLink feedId="xmlFeed" asLink="true"/><br> <b>Description: </b><rss:channelDescription feedId="xmlFeed"/><br> <ul> <rss:forEachItem feedId="xmlFeed"> <li><rss:itemDescription feedId="xmlFeed"/><br><br> </rss:forEachItem> </ul> Make sure you come up with a unique feedId to use throughout the page, especially if you are going to be parsing multiple feeds on a single page. Read a much longer rssutils tutorial here .
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